Fisheries and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture


Harvesting quahogs in the waters off Rhode Island. (RI Sea Grant)
Fishing boats return to Galilee Harbor in Narragansett, R.I. (credit: RI Sea Grant)
An oyster harvester in The Gambia (TRY Oyster Women’s Association)
An oyster harvester in The Gambia (credit: TRY Oyster Women’s Association)

CRC works to develop innovative methods of research, extension and outreach to sustainably manage valuable fisheries and aquaculture resources in Rhode Island, the United States and around the globe. CRC is recognized for taking an integrated approach that considers the entire fishery system—from management of sustainable harvests and early engagement of local stakeholders to added value for the supply chain and end users.

This approach includes improved governance solutions, ecosystem-based management, capacity development and collaborative and adaptive management plans. Through its position within the URI’s Graduate School of Oceanography and its partnerships with the College of the Environment and Life Sciences and other university entities, CRC is able to call on a wealth of knowledge from world-class researchers to bring the best-available science to its work, applying a learning-by-doing approach that affords rapid responses to changing realities.

As the world’s burgeoning population turns to the sea for food security, many nations aquaculture—farming of seafood, pearls, ornamentals and plants—to supplement wild catch. When developed in an environmentally and socially responsible manner, aquaculture can provide food, employment and income. If not developed properly, aquaculture can negatively impact critical coastal ecosystems and pose risks to human health. For three decades, CRC has been assisting governments and industry in nations around the world to develop responsible aquaculture through best management practices, private partnerships, public zoning and regulations.

CRC’s approach emphasizes responsible coastal management and sound environmental planning to minimize user conflicts and environmental impacts. It engages policymakers, aquaculture associations, fishing communities and civil society.

Our guiding principles: Fisheries

  • Through decades of experience and lessons learned, CRC has developed these guidelines regarding sustainable fisheries:
  • Ground the conception, execution and management of programs on sound science
  • Create inherently flexible management plans for adaptation to complex and constantly evolving needs
  • Create results-oriented programs, describing how impacts will be measured and monitored
  • Conduct monitoring and reporting in a timely manner so that responsive action can be taken
  • Involve both harvest and post-harvest segments of the industry in management and decision making
  • Promote ecosystem resilience for goods and services that conserve biodiversity
  • Promote marketing of sustainably sourced, socially responsible and high quality seafood products
  • Where appropriate, help fisheries transition from open-access and combine managed access, alternative livelihoods, collaborative management and rights-based approaches for lasting success
  • Promote engagement of all stakeholders
  • Promote social responsibility and equity as key objectives, including fair labor practices, fair prices and safe working conditions
  • Develop and adopt codes of conduct and best management practices

Our guiding principles: Sustainable aquaculture

  • Conduct feasibility studies, environmental impact assessment and financial analysis at the individual operation and ecosystem level prior to establishing and expanding a new project or testing new species production
  • Properly site the operation to reduce environmental, natural hazard and social impacts
  • Identify and protect key ecosystems that need to be conserved to ensure resource sustainability—a fundamental tool of land use management
  • Following best management practices while maintaining a sound and healthy ecosystem to achieve long-term sustainability
  • Consider potential off-site impacts of aquaculture siting, construction, and production and mitigate by maintaining adequate buffer zones and the natural environment surrounding the site as much as possible
  • Pay attention to capacity building of institutions and coordination of agencies responsible for enforcing regulations, permitting and licensing
  • Work to streamline government policy where there are overlapping, duplicative or outdated regulations and unclear agency responsibilities
  • Use practical exercises and demonstrations as well as extension services to promote best practices
  • Develop operational guides and extension materials to make information readily accessible and improve knowledge for the people who most need it
  • Apply technology that is appropriate to the knowledge, experience and capacity of producers and the local context
  • Ensure that the aquaculture industry is integrated into public decision-making processes at all levels so as to minimize undue burdens from cumbersome permitting and licensing requirements
  • Educate the wider public about the practices of aquaculture to dispel myths and help ease and minimize use conflicts
  • Facilitate dialogue with the aquaculture industry, lawmakers and other stakeholders to prioritize science needs, monitoring and best practices for all elements of the aquaculture value chain



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  • Training on Hygienic Handling of Fish; Class 1 Certification Guidelines Etsra, H. 1 February 2018

    The training aimed to educate fish processors on the importance of producing healthy fish, not only to sell to higher markets but to also ensure that they are not causing harm to other humans by selling unwholesome food (fish) to them. It was also to help identify and support fish processors who are willing to produce fish under hygienic conditions, and help them access higher markets for their efforts for producing healthier fish. The trained processors would also train their helpers to ensure that the processing team adhere to the hygienic practices laid out in the certification checklist.

  • Monitoring Of CLaT Activity Report Takyi M. 1 June 2017

    Every quarter, CCPCs and advocates are called for refresher training to upgrade their skills on child protection. All these where done to make the communities aware of the dangers of CLaT and collectively come out with a lasting solution to the problem.

  • Refresher Training For Community Child Protection Committee (CCPC) and Anti-ClaT Advocates Affel, R., Takyi, M. 1 April 2018

    The training deployed the use of discussions, brainstorming and demonstrations to deliver lessons on CLaT prevention, experience and information sharing. There were discussions on Stages in Child Development and its associated characteristics, Support Circle and Child Work. The discussions were led by Madam Cecilia Arthur, a retired Social Welfare Officer for KEEA and Mr. Godfred Nyarkoh, the Municipal Director of Department of Social Welfare, KEEA and a CCPC member.

  • Report On The Construction And Handing Over Of The DAA Fisheries Training Center Avega B. 1 June 2018

    Development Action Association (DAA) as part of the SFMP project requested to have a fisheries training center to serve, small scale fishers, to build their capacity and add value to their work. Fortunately, URI was in favor and therefore they gave the approval and released funds for SNV to support DAA to have the center constructed. The construction process started in November 2016 and ended in June, 2018. SNV and DAA worked together in monitoring the construction process. The building was finally handed over to DAA and launched on the 19th of June, 2018.

  • Value Chain Improvements In Small-Scale Fisheries: Case Studies From West Africa Beran, K. 1 May 2018

    Seafood is one of the most traded food commodities in the world by value. Small-scale fisheries contribute significantly to the global production and supply of seafood. Yet, many small-scale fisheries in developing countries fail to maximize value of seafood products due to post-harvest loss, production, distribution, and marketing challenges.The purpose of this study is to examine how post-harvest innovations might address some of these challenges, whom they benefit along the fisheries value chain, and factors that influence adoption of innovations through two case studies in West Africa.