The Indonesia Coastal Resources Management Program’s (CRMP) initial approach in Lampung province was to assist provincial stakeholders to develop a coastal resource atlas of Lampung and a strategic plan for the management of the province’s coastal resources. The CRMP’s activities in Lampung were focused on institutional strengthening of local government agencies and non-government organizations (NGOs) to facilitate the development of this plan.
In Lampung, CRMP created a highly participatory process of planning and management at the provincial scale. The Lampung Coastal Resources Atlas defined, for the first time, the extent and condition of the province’s natural resources. It used a combination of secondary information and the input of over 270 local stakeholders and 60 government and non-government organizations. The Lampung provincial-level coastal resource atlas is the first of its kind in Indonesia and was replicated in at least seven other provinces.
The Atlas provided the foundation for developing a Lampung coastal strategic plan. The Atlas and strategic plan spurred intense media coverage and led to significant support from provincial agencies that provided funding for plan implementation. In 2001, the Center of Coastal and Marine Resource Studies at Bogor Agricultural Institute (IPB) began assuming the management of the Lampung program through its university-based coastal extension initiative.
Consistent with the above approach, the CRMP in Lampung also undertook field level activities. This included the development of community-based mariculture (shrimp ponds) and the development of village ordinances (Peraturan Desa – Perdes) in the village of Pematang Pasir, and the establishment of a community-based marine sanctuary (Daerah Perlindungan Laut – DPL) and a village ordinance in Sebesi Island.